1. Shalloo, L., Moran, B., & O’Brien, D. (2018). Define and verify pasture base—How does Irish “pasture fed” compare to the world. Proceedings of the Grass-Fed Dairy Conference 2018, Naas, Co. Kildare, Ireland;

2. The National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, NIWA. (n.d.). Overview of New Zealand’s climate. https://niwa.co.nz/education-and-training/schools/resources/climate/overview;

3. Fonterra Co-operative Group Limited. (2020). Sustainability Report 2020. https://www.fonterra.com/content/dam/fonterra-public-website/fonterra-new-zealand/documents/pdf/sustainability/2020/fonterra-sustainability-report-2020.pdf;

4. Our pasture-based grazing system naturally provides a high level of animal welfare and allows cows to socially interact with other cows amongst the herd;

5. Our cows consume on average 96% of their diet as grass. Grass is classified as grass, grass silage, hay and forage crops;

6. Our Grass and Pasture-fed Standard, under the Trusted Goodness Scheme is certified by AsureQuality;

7. Fonterra Co-operative Group Limited. (2021). Sustainability Report 2021. https://www.fonterra.com/content/dam/fonterra-public-website/fonterra-new-zealand/documents/pdf/sustainability/2021/fonterra-sustainability-report-2021.pdf;

8. Many of our farmers are increasingly adopting new technologies, using sensing and monitoring technology such as soil probes, to measure and track farm performance, improve soil health, maximise grass-growth and productivity, and improve sustainability on their farm;

9. Fonterra Co-operative Group Limited. (2019). Sustainability Report 2019. https://view.publitas.com/fonterra/sustainability-report-2019/page/1;

10. Milk from grass-fed cows contains a concentration of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) two to three times higher than that found in the milk from grain-fed cows;

11. Dhiman, T.R., Anand, G.R., Satter, L.D., & Pariza, M.W. (1999). Conjugated linoleic acid content of milk from cows fed different diets. Journal of Dairy Science, 82(10), 2146-56;

12. Beta-carotene is found in pasture-rich diets, such as the grass that New Zealand cows are fed; 13. MacGibbon, A.K.H., & Taylor, M.W. (2006). Composition and Structure of Bovine Milk Lipids. In P.F. Fox & P.L.H. McSweeney (Eds.), Advanced Dairy Chemistry Volume 2 Lipids (pp. 1-43). Springer;

14. The sunny days and mild temperature in New Zealand provides a healthy dose of sunlight to the cows and they produce milk that typically contains higher levels of vitamin D;

15. Gill, B.D., Zhu, X., & Indyk, H.E. (2016). The determination of vitamin D3 and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in early lactation and seasonal bovine milk. International Dairy Journal, 63, 29-34.